Ecocentric

Who Needs Bike Trails? Denmark Has a Bicycle Superhighway

Cycle highways are making the commute safer, faster, cheaper, healthier and greener in a country where many of the capital’s residents already bike to work.

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MARIE HALD / AFP / Getty Images

Danish Ministers pose on bicycles

In April, Copenhagen opened the first of 26 planned “bicycle superhighways” in the hopes that more of its residents would opt out of driving a car to work. To lure bikers, the city has equipped the 11-mile path from Copenhagen to the suburb Alberslund with “green wave” technology that times traffic lights for greatest bike efficiency and footrests where weary commuters can take a breather. A story in Tuesday’s New York Times highlighted the initiative.

Biking is already wildly popular within the capital because it is the fastest and easiest way to get to work or school. Copenhagen has been redesigning its streets for years now in order to make biking the norm. The city is now so bike-friendly that it has spawned a new urban planning concept: “Copenhagenization” or urban planning centered around making cities less car dependent. According to the Cycling Embassy of Denmark, 36 percent of all Danish adults rode a bike to work and 45 percent of all Danish children biked to school in 2010.

(MORE: Two-Wheel Appeal)

City planners hope that with the construction of bicycle highways, the cycling craze will catch on in the more distant suburbs. Many suburbanites still choose to drive to work out of convenience—the distance was too far, the path too winding, the roads too dark or too damaged. Superhighways will change that. According to the Cycling Embassy of Denmark website, the cycle superhighways could increase the number of cyclists by 30 percent, adding 15,000 more cyclists to the superhighway network, saving 7000 tons of CO2 and 300 million Danish Krones in health costs per year.

For this first highway, the city’s government joined forces with 21 local governments to create the highest-standard bike paths possible. A governmental body called Capital Region Denmark responsible for public hospitals and regional development, funded the superhighway project to the tune of 1.6 million dollars.

(MORE: Pedal Push)

According to Danish statistics, the investment will be well worth it: For every six miles biked instead of driven, Danes are saving three and a half pounds of carbon dioxide emissions and nine cents in health care costs. Those pounds and pennies add up. “It’s a common saying among doctors that the best patient is the patient you never see,” regional city councilor Lars Gaardhoj told the Times. “Anything we can do to get less pollution and less traffic is going to mean healthier, maybe happier people.”

This is not the first innovative, bike-friendly initiative to come out of Denmark. Bike paths across the country feature bike pumps every 1.7 kilometers (or every mile). In the suburb of Fureso, “bike buses” bring cyclists together in their commute, with each biker taking a turn at blocking the wind for the other commuters. There’s even a children’s “bike bus” for rides to school. In Copenhagen, a team of government officials take to the streets for the “karma campaign,” handing out chocolate to bicyclers who demonstrate good behavior like waiting at lights, wearing helmets, and signaling turns.

But not all bike superhighways are as idyllic as the one in Denmark. London built its own cycle superhighways in 2010 by basically separating a bike lane from the rest of the road with blue paint. According to The Guardian’s bike blog, a bike highway in Tooting, South London “varies from 1.5 meters wide to 2.5 meters, with seemingly no logic. At its narrowest, the traffic is still disconcertingly close.” And according to a Transport Select Committee report on London’s roadways released Tuesday, 3085 cyclists were killed or seriously injured last year, up 15 percent from 2010. The problems in London serve to emphasize how impressive Copenhagen’s convenient and safe cycling culture is.

READ: New York City’s Bicycle Wars

11 comments
Henri Haan
Henri Haan

Terrible article and bad research.. In Holland we have Superhiway's For Bikes since I, and my mother can remember! When ever a road needs to be rebuild again their allways considering bikes and trafic. Perfect example? Check: http://www.politiekdelft.nl/oo... Now you see... Holland is paved with it! We did'nt color them blue because of the bad taste! Come and visit Holland every ones and a while to check what other countries are copying! ;-)

RickMcCallister
RickMcCallister

If only we had Scandinavian common sense in the US. NYC could definitely learn a lesson here.

Don Bartenstein
Don Bartenstein

What do they do in the winter?

Jürgen Hubert
Jürgen Hubert

 "There is no bad weather, only bad clothing."

Cold, in itself, is not an impediment to bicycling. I would only use public transportation if there is either ongoing _heavy_ snowfall or lots of ice on the road - in other cases, bicycling will still be feasible.

Svelasco
Svelasco

 We don rain jackets/pants to protect our clothes from the slush and cold wind, some will change their tires to ones with more traction - but, all in all, we bike every day, rain or shine. It's just what we do, there's nothing more to it than that.

Jessica Navarro
Jessica Navarro

Been living in Denmark for two years now and yes, a lot of the native Danes continue to ride on even when the roads get snowy and icy, but their cycling does look very unsteady... The city usually does a good job of clearing the snow from the paths, at least. Most non-natives, like me, don't even attempt to ride in the winter. We just walk or use public transportation!

byronm
byronm

They ride their bikes...

With coats on :)

(Seriously, there are some great timelapse videos on youtube of the cycle commutes/cycle traffic in these cities with people riding in full winter gear)

Jhonatan Cano
Jhonatan Cano

I was cyclist in London for more than 4 years going to college. I rode 7  miles each way from the east to the heart of the city. Thanks God I never had an accident. It was a fantastic experience. At first I thought it was very scary and dangerous. But drivers do respect you. You must obey traffic rules to be safe, and one must know as much as car driver about road safety. I passed my driving theory test and practical test in one go because 4 years on the road really helps. The crazy drivers in London are black cab drivers (taxis) who swing from bus lanes (used by cyclist also and seemingly the safest parts) and main roads like in a car chase. I really hated them and they showed no respect for cyclists. On the other hand you had motorcycles who would try to get away by barging into bicycle lanes in heavy traffic (which is illegal). Otherwise normal motorists were quite respectful. You  must wear a helmet and high visibility vest/clothes at all times.You must not stand on the side to which the car will turn especially if there is a fence, you will get sandwiched! It is really common sense and keeping to the law. There should be a course or some license for serious commuters. 

Jürgen Hubert
Jürgen Hubert

 Here in Germany car drivers also _expect_ cyclists and adjust their driving accordingly. After all, many of them bicycle from time to time...