Jupiter’s Moon Ganymede Like You’ve Never Seen It Before

  • Share
  • Read Later
USGS Astrogeology Science Center / Wheaton / NASA / JPL-Caltech

A global image mosaic assembled by incorporating the best available imagery from NASA's Voyager 1 and 2 spacecrafts and NASA's Galileo spacecraft, released on Feb. 12, 2012.

Our solar system’s largest moon, Ganymede of Jupiter, has never been completely mapped — until now. Scientists led by Wheaton College’s Geoffrey Collins combined data from NASA’s Voyager 1, 2 and Galileo spacecrafts to create this, the first global geologic map of icy Ganymede, Jupiter’s seventh moon.

“This map illustrates the incredible variety of geological features on Ganymede and helps to make order from the apparent chaos of its complex surface,” NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s Robert Pappalardo said of the Ganymede map. “This map is helping planetary scientists to decipher the evolution of this icy world and will aid in upcoming spacecraft observations.”


SCIENCE SHOWS THAT THE UNIVERSE CANNOT BE ETERNAL because it could not have sustained itself eternally due to the law of entropy (increasing net energy decay, even in an open system). Einstein showed that space, matter, and time all are physical and all had a beginning. Space even produces particles because it’s actually something, not nothing. Even time had a beginning! Time is not eternal.

The law of entropy doesn't allow the universe to be eternal. If the universe were eternal, everything, including time (which modern science has shown is as physical as mass and space), would have become totally entropied by now and the entire universe would have ended in a uniform heat death a long, long time ago. The fact that this hasn't happened already is powerful evidence for a beginning to the universe.

Popular atheistic scientist Stephen Hawking admits that the universe had a beginning and came from nothing but he believes that nothing became something by a natural process yet to be discovered. That's not rational thinking at all, and it also would be making the effect greater than its cause to say that nothing created something. The beginning had to be of supernatural origin because natural laws and processes do not have the ability to bring something into existence from nothing. What about the Higgs boson (the so-called “God Particle”)? The Higgs boson does not create mass from nothing, but rather it converts energy into mass. Einstein showed that all matter is some form of energy.

The supernatural cannot be proved by science but science points to a supernatural intelligence and power for the origin and order of the universe. Where did God come from? Obviously, unlike the universe, God’s nature doesn’t require a beginning.
EXPLAINING HOW AN AIRPLANE WORKS doesn't mean no one made the airplane. Explaining how life or the universe works doesn't mean there was no Maker behind them. Natural laws may explain how the order in the universe works and operates, but mere undirected natural laws cannot explain the origin of that order. Once you have a complete and living cell then the genetic code and biological machinery exist to direct the formation of more cells, but how could life or the cell have naturally originated when no directing code and mechanisms existed in nature? Read my Internet article: HOW FORENSIC SCIENCE REFUTES ATHEISM.

WHAT IS SCIENCE? Science simply is knowledge based on observation. No one observed the universe coming by chance or by design, by creation or by evolution. These are positions of faith. The issue is which faith the scientific evidence best supports.

Some things don’t need experiment or scientific proof. In law there is a dictum called prima facie evidence. It means “evidence that speaks for itself.” Of course, in the complexities of human society and relationships, prima facie may not always be what it seems.

An example of a true prima facie would be if you discovered an elaborate sand castle on the beach. You don’t have to experiment to know that it came by design and not by the chance forces of wind and water.

If you discovered a romantic letter or message written in the sand, you don’t have to experiment to know that it was by design and not because a stick randomly carried by wind put it there. You naturally assume that an intelligent and rational being was responsible.

I encourage all to read my popular Internet article: HOW FORENSIC SCIENCE REFUTES ATHEISM

Visit my newest Internet site: THE SCIENCE SUPPORTING CREATION

Babu G. Ranganathan*
(B.A. Bible/Biology)


*I have given successful lectures (with question and answer period afterwards) defending creation before evolutionist science faculty and students at various colleges and universities. I've been privileged to be recognized in the 24th edition of Marquis "Who's Who in The East" for my writings on religion and science.


If I buy your eBook, does it come with a laugh track?


@BabuG.Ranganathan  I fail to see how your theory proves the Judeo-Christian god. You might as well say science proves the existence of Odin and the Yggdrasil, Vishnu, the Greek Pantheon, and the Shinto Kami. So if you want to try to "prove" that science somehow refutes atheism, you have to accept EVERY religion's origin story as potentially and equally correct. Not just yours. I reiterate: For this theory to thrive, you have to accept all religions - NOT JUST YOURS.


@DSParks @BabuG.Ranganathan, please explain to me how your "God" even makes sense as of existing...becuase I (an Aitheist) have looked into every possible explanation for a "superior power" such as yours, could exist, heck, i go to church, just so i might find information...what it sounds like is Norse mythology, ridiculous.  One thing that really sticks out is that your Christian God was always there. EVERYTHING has a beginning. its just not scientifically possible for something to ALWAYS be there, something created it.

if you "Christians" respect what me and other "Aithiests" believe, than we will respect your beliefs.

"An example of a true prima facie would be if you discovered an elaborate sand castle on the beach. You don’t have to experiment to know that it came by design and not by the chance forces of wind and water.

this is a ridiculous example."  -taken from @DSParks @BabuG.Ranganathan's  comment

The Universe is NOT a sand castle, so it should not be questioned or compared to said sandcastle.